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Mayan Archaeological Sites
History      Structures & architecture      Advice to Visit the Zones
Mayan Archaeological Sites
Chichen Itza
Uxmal
Ruta Puuc
Dzibilchaltun
Mayapan
Ek Balam
History
          The Mayan archaeological sites are the most striking evidence of the greatness achieved by the Maya and that despite the passage of time, continue to amaze us with new and amazing discoveries.
          The first Mayan settlements date back 1,000 BC to the middle of the year 1,500 AD, coinciding with the abandonment and Spanish conquest. Dzibilchaltun and Izamal were some of the first cities built as well as T'ho, where later Merida was founded; the sites of the Puuc Route, Uxmal and Kabah arise around 500 and 600 AD almost simultaneously than Chichen Itza, reaching its peak some centuries later; Mayapan was one of the last cities built and inhabited.
          More than 2,000 archaeological sites have been found only in Yucatan, most were dismantled during the Spanish conquest to build churches, convents, administrative buildings and the first houses of the new world; many others were devoured by the jungle and they are waiting to be discovered, finally some have been partially restored and open to the public.


Structures and Architecture
          The most common structures found in the archaeological sites are the ballgame, structures used by the governor, by the nobility, structures dedicated to deities, for ceremonies and even used as royal tombs. There are also sacbes, which were white roads connecting Mayan cities. Two cities connected with a sacbe, had political, trade and even military relationships.
          One of the most important features of this civilization, were richly decorated buildings, including exquisite carved flora and fauna of the region and its principal deities; this way architecture styles were created, depending on the age and the role of the city. Stresses the Puuc architectural style, which also includes painting and ceramics.
          The archaeological represent knowledge and the relationship that the Mayan civilization had with its environment, the earth and the universe; also represented the eternal struggle between good and evil, which was a vital part for the Mayans. Each structure and each archaeological site were built with a purpose, a meaning, nothing was done randomly.


Advice to Visit the Arqueological Sites
          The following tips will make your visit to the archaeological sites are more pleasant and secure.
  • What to Wear and Bring? Wear comfortable, light colored clothing, sports shoes and hat for protection from the sun. It is recommended that you carry a bottle of water and visit the site when opening or last hours of its opening, to prevent the sun's intensity.

  • On the Duration of Visit and Structures. The duration of the visit depends on your agility, because there are several ramps and large structures with many steps; if you are not able to climb some structure, do not. In the zones you'll notice many loose rocks or hills of these, all are part of a structure, do not walk on them.

  • About Nature in the Zones. Most zones are in the middle of the jungle, so you can find bugs, ants are the most common, sometimes there are rows of them, do not step on, because they attack. Iguanos or giant lizards are common as well, they are not dangerous at all; If you see a snake, stay away and tell your guide. In Yucatan jungle dominates so enjoyt he landscape and also there is a lot of lush birds.

  • If Features a Guide. Feel free to ask your guide, each structure and zone contain many meanings. Follow the path indicated by your guide, so you'll hear all the explanations and have a safe and happy journey.

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