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Chichen Itza
History      Architectural style      Equinoxes      Timetable & Fares      Location & How to get there
Mayan Archaeological Sites
Chichen Itza
Uxmal
Ruta Puuc
Dzibilchaltun
Mayapan
Ek Balam
History
          Chichen Itza is the most famous of the Mayan archaeological sites and is a reflection of the magnificence reached by the great Mayan civilization. Chichen Itza is also World Heritage and the pyramid of Kukulcan is a new Wonder of the World.
          The level of development reached can be seen in many of the buildings, not only in the techniques of construction, but also in the mathematics and astronomy employed. The meaning of Chichen Itza is “Next to the Mouth of Itzaes's Well”. In its moment of splendor, around the 13th century, was the most powerful city in the Yucatan peninsula.
          Among its main buildings is the great castle of Kukulcan with its perfect design, its amazing size and its secrets yet to be discovered, it's perhaps the most famous Mayan vestige; each of the four sides of this pyramid has 91 steps, plus the platform equals 365, the same as the days of the year. Also visit the temple of the warriors, the observatory, the temple of the thousand columns, the platform of Venus, the Ball Court and the Church. Chichén Itza, no doubt still hides many secrets, secrets so far but so close at the same time that only time and the Mayan Gods will reveal us.


Architectural style
          Chichen Itza has a particular feature in its architecture, two different architectural styles have been found, perfectly defined by different eras; these styles are called old and new Chichen.
          The architectural style of the old Chichen is the Puuc style or true Mayan; the structures were built between 800 and 1000 AD. Some of the important buildings of this style are the observatory, the nuns and the church, among others.
          The architecture of the new Chichen develops between 1,000 and 1,200 AD and is called Tolteca, name of a civilization in the center of Mexico, who had much influence on the Maya. In this style there are individual characters and processions carved in bas-relief columns, structures are much flatter and virtually unadorned; during this time the most emblematic buildings of Chichen Itza were built such as the pyramid of Kukulcan, the great ball court, the temple of the warriors, among others.


Sacred Cenote
          In Chichen Itza there is a sacred cenote; it's type of vertical walls and was the religious center of the city; at the bottom were found precious objects of gold, jade, stone and wood, presumably along with human sacrifice to appease the wrath of the gods in difficult times.
          The cenote is 500 meters from the archaeological zone and is connected by a sacbe or white dirt road. The cenote is surrounded by thick vegetation, has a height from the water level to the surface of 25 meters and its appearance is intimidating and even fear.


Equinoxes
          On the equinoxes (march 21th and September 23th) a phenomenon can be observed on the castle of Chichen Itza, where it´s simulated the decrease of the god of serpent with feathers called Kukulcan.
          The phenomenon starts at 4 pm, this happens on the northwest ladder of the castle, where begins the formation of nine triangles from top to bottom and simulating the descent of Kukulcan, the triangles are created by the shadow of one the sides of the pyramid; the phenomenon reaches its peak when on the whole staircase the snake's body is formed and connected with a large stone snake head at the foot of the castle, a spectacular phenomenon.


Timetable & Fares
Timetable: It´s open every day of the year from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 pm.
Fare for nationals: $137 pesos.
Fare for foreigners: $204 pesos.
Fare for the parking lot: $22 pesos for cars, $33 pesos for buses and overnight $131 pesos.
Discounts
  • Access to Chichen Itza is free for nationals on sunday, with identification.
  • From monday to saturday discounts for students, teachers and seniors (Inapam) apply with valid identification

  • Location & How to Get To Chichen Itza
    Location: Chichen Itza is located 123 Km from Merida city, in eastern of Yucatan state.
    How to Get to Chichen Itza from Merida
    • How to Get by Bus: from CAME terminal of 1rst class, located on 70th street and 71th in Merida downtown; the timetable is 6:15, 9:15 y 12:40 hrs; the proce of the ticket is $142 pesos, gets there in 2 hrsll and stops at the tentrance of the zone
    • How to Get By Car: from Merida downtown, take the 59th street until the outloop of the city; here you' find the signal to th ahighway to Chichen Itza, it's the same one to Valladolid and Cancun; when arriving to Kantunil village you have the option to continue on the freeway or take the tollroad; on the freeway you will get to Chichen Itza in 2 hrs and on the tollroad in 1 hr and 20 minutes.

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